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Volume 6, Issue 1 (February 2019)                   IJML 2019, 6(1): 33-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Arbabi M, Soleimani Jevinani S, Nahrevanian H, Hooshyar H, Esmaeili Rastaghi A R, Delavari M et al . The Effects of Splenectomy on Pattern of Nitric Oxide Induction and Pathogenesis of Rodent Malaria Caused by Plasmodium berghei Infection . IJML. 2019; 6 (1) :33-42
URL: http://ijml.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-241-en.html
Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Abstract:   (1288 Views)
Background and Aims: The aim of this study is to clarify nitric oxide (NO)-production by spleen and the importance of spleen in malaria infection in murine model.
Materials and Methods: Thirty outbred NMRI female mice were divided into four groups, Group I: No intervention (Healthy control), Group II: With splenectomy (Healthy test), Group III: No intervention, Inoculation of contaminated blood (Infected control), Group IV: With splenectomy, inoculation of contaminated blood (Infected test). The Parasitemia was counted every other day through Giemsa stain examination of animal blood. The parasitemia and survival rates, hepatosplenomegaly and body weight were recorded. After terminal anesthesia, plasma and liver/spleen suspensions were assessed by the Griess micro assay for measurement of NO-levels.
Results: At the end of the experiment (on day 16), the parasitemia was 26.99±0.46 % among the group of non-splenectomized animals (Group III) compared with 31.25±0.72% among the group of splenectomized animals (Group IV). The average parasitemia among the groups at the end of the experiment was statistically significant (Group III, Group IV: p= 0.0002). Survival rate was statistically significant (p<0.0001). NO concentrations in plasma, liver and spleen were determined. The amount of NO in plasma increased significantly in the infected groups (p=0.0003).
Conclusions: Although, splenectomy decreased immune function against rodent malaria, it did not solely changed the pattern of antimalarial activity via NO-pathway. It is concluded that NO possibly comes from several sources rather than spleen during rodent malaria disease and is released into circulation, which may replace NO shortage by splenic cells to combat malaria parasites.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Parasitology
Received: 2018/05/28 | Accepted: 2018/12/3 | Published: 2019/03/10

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