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Volume 9, Issue 3 (August 2022)                   IJML 2022, 9(3): 226-236 | Back to browse issues page

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Norbakhsh R, Moradi Gardeshi T, Dalvand S, Boroughani Z. Soil Actinomycetes-derived Secondary Metabolites-Induced Apoptosis in Human Lung Cancer Cells. IJML 2022; 9 (3) :226-236
URL: http://ijml.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-412-en.html
Department of Microbial Biotechnology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (340 Views)
Background and Aims: Natural compounds derived from animal, plant, and microbial sources participate in treating various types of cancers, including lung cancer. This survey attempted to explore the anticancer activity of two novel metabolites extracted from soil-derived actinomycetes in the human lung cancer A549 cells.
Materials and Methods: The crude extracts of UTMC 638 and UTMC 877 secondary metabolites were obtained from the University of Tehran Microorganisms Collection (UTMC). When doxorubicin was applied as a positive control, cell viability, apoptosis detection, and mRNA expression were assessed by MTT assay, flow cytometry, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) technique.
Results: The results of the MTT assay showed that UTMC 638, UTMC 877, and doxorubicin reduce A549 cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner. Cell treatment with UTMC 877, UTMC 638, and doxorubicin could promote apoptosis in the A549 cell line. However, the effect of UTMC 638 on apoptotic induction was more than doxorubicin or UTMC 877. The q-RT-PCR results highlighted that the gene expression associated with apoptosis was augmented in the treated group compared to the untreated group.
Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence that the crude extract of UTMC 676 could promote apoptosis in A549 cells and can be a very promising source for designing a potent antitumor agent against lung cancer cells.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/05/19 | Accepted: 2022/08/13 | Published: 2022/10/15

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