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Volume 8, Issue 4 (November 2021)                   IJML 2021, 8(4): 291-303 | Back to browse issues page

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Raji S, Haddad M A, Moshtaghioun S M, Dehghan Z. Nonlinear Optical Investigation of Biochemical Analytes in Blood Serum via Z-Scan Technique. IJML 2021; 8 (4) :291-303
URL: http://ijml.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-424-en.html
Photonic Research Group, Laser Spectroscopy Research Laboratory, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (917 Views)
Background and Aims: Biomolecules' optical and nonlinear optical properties are widely used for different medical diagnoses and applications in biophotonic devices. These properties are essential in studying biological processes in living tissues. Aside from biomolecules' linear optical characteristics, their nonlinear optical characteristics have lately been considered.
Materials and Methods: In this paper, the nonlinear optical responses of three biochemical analytes in blood serum, including glucose, triglycerides, and cholesterol are examined using the laser-based Z-Scan technique. Hence, different laboratory samples of blood serum with various concentrations of biochemical analytes are taken from patients for this purpose.
Results: The normalized transmission curves were taken and analyzed in a closed aperture configuration of the Z-Scan technique and led to evaluating the nonlinear refractive index (n2) as an indicator of nonlinear responses of samples. The results show significant nonlinear optical behaviors of the samples under a strong electrical field of the laser, which leads to the measurement of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of the samples with an error of less than ̴0.5 × 10-8 cm2 /w. It is found that the values of nonlinear refractive index (n2) vary proportionally as a function of their concentration in blood serum.
Conclusion: The findings of this study imply that the above sample's nonlinear optical response and, probable, those of other biological tissues might be used in medical diagnoses. In addition, the Z-Scan technique might be considered as a complementary method with other conventional diagnostic procedures due to its simplicity and quick experimental approach.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Biochemistry
Received: 2021/06/30 | Accepted: 2021/08/14 | Published: 2021/12/12

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