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Volume 9, Issue 1 (February 2022)                   IJML 2022, 9(1): 17-25 | Back to browse issues page

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Marzban A, Beiranvand M, Sedighi-Khavidak S. Isolation and Characterization of Lytic Bacteriophages from Wastewater against Listeria monocytogenes. IJML 2022; 9 (1) :17-25
URL: http://ijml.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-439-en.html
Medical Biotechnology Research Center, Department of Biology, Ashkezar Branch, Azad University, Ashkezar, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (466 Views)
Background and Aims: In the current study, two bacteriophages were isolated from the wastewater sources and characterized by lytic activity against the Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) bacterium.
Materials and Methods:  50 wastewater samples were collected from the disposal sites. The phages were isolated from the treated samples using the double agar overlay method with L. monocytogenes as the host bacterium. Plaque morphology, temperature, pH, titration of phage lysate, host range, and scanning electron microscopic morphology were used to characterize the isolated phages.
ResultsBacteriophage was found in two samples taken from wastewater treatment plants. Phages were proliferated and released under optimal bacterial growth conditions at pH 7; 37 °C in 36-hour incubation. A 10:1 ratio of bacterial cells to phage produced the greatest lytic ability. The highest phage titrated under optimal conditions was estimated at 9×109 pfu/ml. The scanning electron microscopic image revealed a bacteriophage morphology corresponding to the head and tail group. The host range observations demonstrated that L. monocytogenes were unique to the isolated phage. The elimination of L. monocytogenes growth in milk and whey samples revealed that this bacteriophage targeted bacteria and resulted in a 75% reduction in bacterial contamination.
ConclusionThe results suggest that the phages obtained from L. monocytogenes may be utilized to combat this pathogen in dairy, agri-food, wastes, and other associated infections.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Bactriology
Received: 2021/12/1 | Accepted: 2022/02/19 | Published: 2021/03/29

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